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Affiliation: Scientific Research Centre (SRC)

Department:  Petroleum Geosciences

Address: Soran-Delyzian

Email: kamal.kolo@soran.edu.iq

Phone Number: (optional)


Academic title: Professor

Responsibility: Dean of Scientific Research Centre

General Expertise: Geology and Biogeosciences

Specific Expertise: 1. Petroleum Geology and Geochemistry 2. Biomineralization 3. Microbes-Mineral Interactions

Research Interests:

·         Biomineralization processes

·         Natural and in vitro microbe mineral interactions and Microbial diagenesis of sediment-mineral substrates

·         Biodeterioration and biodegradation in environment

·         Petroleum geochemistry and hydrocarbons formation and migration



·         BSC Geology/Geophysics. Baghdad University (1976)

·         PhD Petroleum Geology, University of Bucharest (1985)

·         PhD Geology homologation, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), (2005)

·         PhD Biogeosciences, Faculty of Sciences and Bio-Engineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), (2009)



Kamal Y. Kolo, a native of Kurdistan, is the Dean of the Scientific Research Centre at Soran University where he has been a professor since 2010. He holds a PhD in Petroleum Geology from University of Bucharest (1985) and a second PhD in Biogeosciences from Vrije Universiteit Brussel (2009). He held visiting research positions in Universite Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and was Fellow of the prestigious Belgian Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts/ VLAC. His main research interests lie with petroleum studies and microbe-mineral interactions. He has co-authored several book chapters and numerous journal articles in applied sciences. He initiated and leads several PhD research projects within the Scientific Research Centre, specifically: Biomineralization, microbe–mineral interaction, lichens and mineral substrates interactions in Kurdistan; Mineral Exploration and Remote Sensing; GIS, Remote Sensing and Environmental evaluation; Phytochemistry; Petroleum Geology and Geochemistry of hydrocarbon source rocks in Kurdistan; Reservoir characterization and fluid flow in Kurdistan reservoirs.

In addition, Kamal has worked on the question of ethnic and religious minorities in Iraq, their social history, literature, culture, political role and their future in Iraq specifically through international forums and through numerous publications and lectures. Published co-authored books include: The Emergence of Nation State and the Question of Ethno-Religious Minorities Kurdistan After Daesh (2017), Brookings Institute, Washington USA. (In press); Das Ende Des Babylonischen Exiles (2011); Annemarie Schwarzenbach: Werk, Wirkung, Kontext, (2010); Es War Einmal In Aradin (2009); Inside out: textorientierte Erkundungen des Werks von Annemarie Schwarzenbach (2008).  


Publications: (Books, articles etc..)


·         Heidy-Margrit Muller, Anat Feinberg  and  Kamal  Kolo  (2011):  Das  Ende  des Babylonischen Exiles. Reichert, 339p.


·         Kamal   Kolo   and   Heidy-Margrit   Muller   (2009):  Es   war   einmal   In Aradin. Neuaramäische     Legenden, Märchen,     Anekdoten     und     Erinnerungen     aus Kurdistan. Kitab-Verlag, 225p.

Book Chapters

·         Muslih Mustafa and Kamal Kolo (2017) Kurdistan: The Emergence of Nation State and the Question of Ethno-Religious Minorities Kurdistan After Daesh, Brookings Institute, Washington USA. (In press).

·         In: M.J. de Wit, F. Guillocheau, M.C.J. de Wit (Eds) (2015): In The Geology and Resource Potential of the Congo Basin. Springer Verlag.

·         In: J.  Seckbach and VC Tewari  (Eds)  (2011): in  Stromatolites:  Interaction  of  microbes  with  sediments,  Series Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, Springer Verlag, DO10.1007/978-94-007-0397-1_3, pp.43-63.

·         In: Krumbein WE, Paterson DW, Zavarzin, GA (Eds.) (2003):  In Fossil and recent Biofilms.  A natural History of  Life  on  Earth.  Kluwer, Dordrecht, 480p.


·         MULLER Heidy Margrit, KOLO Kamal (2010): Verdichtete Bildkraft.  Annemarie Schwarzenbachs Erzaehlung “Die Mission” ueber die Massaker von 1915 und 1918 in Urmia. Annemarie Schwarzenbach. Werk, Wirkung, Kontext. Akten der Tagung Sils/Engadin vom 16. bis 19. Oktober., pp.119 - 143, eds. Dr. Mirella Carbone (Hg.), published by Aisthesis, Bielefeld.


·         KOLO Kamal, MULLER Heidy Margrit (2008): Annemarie Schwarzenbachs “Tod in Persien” und Gertrude Bells “Persian Pictures”. Verborgene intertextuelle  Bezüge. In: Inside   out.   Textorientierte   Erkundungen   des   Werks   von    Annemarie Schwarzenbach, eds. Sofie Decock & Uta Schaffers, published by Aisthesis, Bielefd.


Articles I

·         Rahel Hamad, Heiko Balzter, and Kamal Kolo (2017). Multi-Criteria Assessment of Land Cover Dynamic Changes in Halgurd Sakran National Park (HSNP), Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Using Remote Sensing and GIS, 6(1), 18; doi:10.3390/land6010018

·         Howri Mansurbeg, Daniel Morad, Rushdy Othman, Sadoon Morad, Andrea Ceriani, Ihsan Al-Aasm, Kamal Kolo, Pavel Spirov, Jean Noel Proust, Alain  Preat,  Hemin Koyi   (2016): Hydrothermal   dolomitization   of   the   Bekhme   formation   (Upper Cretaceous), Zagros Basin, Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Record of  oil migration and degradation, Sedimentary Geology, Volume 341, 15 July 2016, Pages 147-162, ISSN 0037-0738, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2016.05.015

·         Kolo, K. Konhauser, J-P. Prian and A. Préat (2015): Probable fungal colonization and carbonate diagenesis of Neoproterozoic stromatolites from South Gabon. M.J. de Wit, F. Guillocheau, M.C.J. de Wit (Eds) The Geology and Resource Potential of the Congo Basin. Springer Verlag.

·         Kolo, K., & Mohammad Sajadi, S. (2013). An Efficient Synthesis of  Thiotetrazoles Using Fe3O4 Nanoparticles as a Magnetically Recoverable and  Reusable Catalyst. Letters in Organic Chemistry, 10(9), 688-692.

·         Preat A., Mamet B., Di Stefano P, Martire L., Kolo K. (2011). Microbially induced Fe and Mn oxides in condensed pelagic sediments (Middle-Upper Jurassic, Western Sicily). Sedimentary Geology, 237, 179-188.

·         Preat A., Delpomdor F., Kolo K., Gillan D., & Prian JP. (2011): Stromatolites and cyanobacterial mats in peritidal evaporitive environments in the Neoproterozoic of Bas-Congo (Democratic Republic of Congo) and South Gabon.   J  Seckbach and VC Tewari  (Eds)  in  Stromatolites:  Interaction  of  microbes  with  sediments,  Series Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, Springer Verlag, DO10.1007/978-94-007-0397-1_3, pp.43-63.

·         Preat A., Kolo K., J-P, Delpomdor F. (2010): A peritidal evaporite environment in the Neoproterozoic   of   South   Gabon   (Schisto-Calcaire   Subgroup,  Nyanga   Basin). Precambrian Research, doi: 10.1016/j. Precamres. 2009.20.12.003.

·         Kolo  K  (2010):  Fungal  Attack  on  Galena  Crystals.  In:  Arwyne  J.  et  al.  (Edits), European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity. JRC, Brussels, Belgium. (Scientific  material contribution).

·         Kolo Kamal, Kurt Konhauser, Wolfgang Elisabeth Krumbein, Yves Van  Ingelgem, and Philippe Claeys (2009). Microbial dissolution of hematite and associated cellular fossilization by reduced iron phases. Astrobiology, Volume 9, Issue 8, pp. 777-796. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2008.0263

·         Kolo K., Keppens E., Preat A., and Claeys Ph. (2007): Experimental observations on fungal diagenesis of carbonate  substrates.  Journal of Geophysical   Research- Biogeosciences,112(G1):doi:10.1029/2006JG000203.ISSN:01480227.http://www gu.org/pubs/crossref/2007/2006JG000203. Html..

·         Shaaban F., R. Lutz, R. Littke, C. Bueke and K. Odisho Kolo (2006):  Source-Rock Evaluation and Basin Modeling in Ne Egypt (Ne Nile Delta and  Northern Sinai). Journal of    Petroleum    Geology, v.29    (2),    p.103-124.      http://www.blackwell- synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1747-5457.2006.00103

·         Kolo K., and Claeys Ph (2005): In vitro formation of Ca-oxalates and the  mineral glushinskite by fungal interaction with carbonate substrates and seawater. Journal of    Biogeosciences    2,    1–47.    http://www.biogeosciences.net/2/277/2005/bg-2-277-2005.pdf

·         Kolo, K., & Claeys, P. (2005). In vitro formation of Ca-oxalates and the mineral glushinskite   by   fungal   interaction   with   carbonate   substrates   and   seawater. Biogeosciences Discussions, 2(2), 451-497.

·         Preat A., Kolo K., Mamet  B.,  Gorbushina  A.,  and  Gillan  D.  (2003):  Fossil and subrecent fungal communities in three calcretes series from the Devonian of  the Canada  Rocky  Mountains,  Carboniferous  of  northern  France  and  Cretaceous  of Central Italy, Chapter 19, 307-323. In: Krumbein WE, Paterson DW, Zavarzin, GA (Eds.):  Fossil  and  recent  Biofilms.  A  natural  History  of  Life  on  Earth.  Kluwer, Dordrecht, 480p.

·         Kolo K., Mamet B., and Preat A (2002). Dichotomous filamentous dolomite  crystal growth  in  the  Lower  Carboniferous  from  northern  France.  A  possible   direct production of fungal activity? Contributions to Geology of Belgium and  Northwest Europe.  Proc.  of  the  first  Geologica  Belgica  International  Meeting,  Degryse  P., Sintubin M (Ed.) Aadrk. Medeldel. 12, 121-123.

·         Odisho,  K.Y.  and  Al-Ameri,  T.K.,  1994:    Induced  thermal  effects  of  magmatic intrusions on sedimentary organic material, a mathematical approach. J. Geol. Soc. Iraq, 27 (1): 134-157.

·         Odisho K.  Y., and Othman  R.S  (1992):  Preliminary  Geochemical  Evaluation  of Hydrocarbon Source Rocks in Northern Parts of Iraq, Iraqi Geological Journal, 25, No.2, 136-153.

·         Al-Ameri, T.K., and Odisho, K.Y., 1992: Maturation study of Palynomorphs from Lower Tertiary Formations, Northern Iraq. Iraqi, J. Sci., 36(2): 672-687.

·         Odisho K.Y (1992): Compaction and fluid migration from hydrocarbon source rocks in East Baghdad oil field. Journal of Water Resources/Baghdad.


·         Odisho K.Y  (1992):  A geochemical and petrographic study of the Pilaspi Formation paleo-reservoir in Sheikhan area/ Northern Iraq. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on the Geology of the Arab World (GAW1), Cairo University, Egypt.


·         Odisho K.  Y and Al-Jiboury  Ali    (1989):    A  geochemical  evaluation  of  bitumen associated with sulfur deposits in Misharaq Mine. Published in Proceedings of the First Conference on Geochemistry, 1-2 March 1989, 586-594, Alexandria University, Egypt.


Articles II

·         Tyler Fisher and Kamal Kolo, (2017): Minorities need a province to call their own. The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/iraqs-minorities-need-a-province-to-call-their-own-70177.


·         Tyler Fisher and Kamal Kolo (2017): In the aftermath of Mosul: a secure homeland for Iraq’s minorities? https://www.opendemocracy.net/north-africa west-asia/tyler-fisher-kamal-kolo/in-aftermath-of-mosul-secure-homeland-for Iraq-s-minorities.


·         Muslih Mustafa and Kamal Kolo (2014): Islamic State has united Kurds in a national war of survival. The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/islamic-state-has-united-kurds-in-a-national-war-of-survival-34999.

Scientific Activities: (Conference, Workshop, Symposium..)

·         Namam Salih, Kamal Kolo Et Al., (2017): Direct Dating Of Calcretization And Microbial Diagenetic Events In The Upper Cretaceous Bekhme Formation, Kurdistan Region Of Iraq, By The U-Pb Small Scale Isochron Method. Submitted For GSA Annual Meeting In Seattle, Washington, Usa - 2017 (Discipline Sessions).


·         Salih, Namam, Mansurbeg, Howri, Kolo, Kamal, Konhauser, Kurt, Gerdes, Axel, Muchez, Philippe And Préat, Alain (2017): Tectonic Modeling And Direct Dating Of Hydrothermal Carbonates In The Upper Cretaceous Bekhme Formation, Spelek-Sulauk Areas, Kurdistan Region Of Iraq. Submitted For GSA Annual Meeting In Seattle, Washington, Usa - 2017 (Discipline Sessions).


·         Namam Salih, Luca Martire, Luca Barale, Ihsan Al-Aasm, Philippe Muchez, Kamal Kolo, Howri  Mansurbeg,  Alain  Préat  (2016).  Multiple hydrothermal-Cretaceous dolomitization in different diagenetic settings,   Provençal  Domain,  NW  Italy. International Conference Geologica Belgica, Mons, Belgium.

·         Namam Salih, Philippe Muchez, Jean-Noël Proust, Kamal Kolo, Rushdy Othman, Howri Mansurberg, Alain Préat (2016) Hydrothermal diagenetic evolution of Upper Cretaceous  Bekhme  Formation,  NE  Kurdistan,  Iraq.  International   Conference Geologica Belgica, Mons, Belgium.


·         Kolo K. And Claeys Ph. (2006). Experimental Observations on the Patterns of Fungi Mineral Surfaces Interactions with Muscovite, Biotite, Bauxite, Chromite, Hematite, Galena, Malachite, Manganite and Carbonate Substrates. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meeting (11–15 December   (2006), San Francisco.     http://www.agu.org/cgi-  bin/sessions5, meeting=fm06&part=B11A

·         Kolo,  K.     (2006).     Rock  surface  diagenetic  biosignatures  of   fungal-carbonate substrates interaction as an indication of ancient primitive life.  In 36th COSPAR Scientific Assembly (Vol. 36, p. 819).


·         Kolo K. and Claeys Ph. (2006). Rock surface diagenetic biosignatures induced  by fungal-carbonate  substrates  interaction  as  life  indicators.  Philadelphia   Annual Meeting  (22–25  October  2006),  Geological  Society  of  America.   Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 38,  No. 7, p. 140. http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2006AM/finalprogram/abstract_112250.html.


·         Kolo  K.,  Claeys  Ph.     And  Préat  A.     (2004)     (Communication  and  abstract). Experimental    Monitoring    of    Fungal    Diagenesis    of    Carbonate    Substrates. Congress Abstract: Microbialites and microbial communities in sedimentary systems. Paris, France, P. 67-68.

·         Kolo K, Claeys Ph. & Preat A. (2003) (Communication). Formation of dolomite and Ca-oxalates   by   fungal   biomineralization   process   on   carbonates    substrates: experimental work. Geologica Belgica, special session, September 30, Brussels.

·         Preat A., Kolo K., Mamet B., and Berra I. (2002). (Communication and abstract). Dichotomous filamentous dolomite crystal growth in the Lower Carboniferous from Northern France: a possible biomediation by fungal activity? Colloque National de Géologie des Gisements, Alger, 20-21 Janvier, 3p.

·         Kolo K, Mamet B,  &  Preat  A.  (2002).  (Communication and  ‘extended abstract’). Dichotomous filamentous dolomite crystal growth in the Lower Carboniferous of Northern France. A possible direct production of fungal activity? Leuven 2002 ‘On the Crossroads.’  Geologica Belgica International  Meeting,  K.U.  Leuven,  11-15 September, 2p.

·         Preat A., Kolo K., Mamet B., Bruni R., Verrechia E. And Gillan D. (2001).  (Poster and abstract). Fungal hyphae, spores and bacteria from Lower Cretaceous of Central Italy: How old are they? Preliminary study. Fossil and Recent Biofilms: A  natural history of the impact of life on Planet Earth. Hanse Institute. Oldenburg University, Germany (17-21 Feb.). p. 46-47.

·         Gillan D., De Ridder   C., Kolo   K.,   &  Preat   A.   (2001).   (Poster and Abstract). Analysis of a recent iron-encrusted biofilm and  inference  of  paleoenvironments. Fossil and Recent Biofilms: a natural history of their impact on life on Planet Earth. Hanse Institute, Oldenberg University, Germany (17-21Feb.) p. 26.


·         Kolo K,  Brehm  U,  Gillan  D,  Gorbushina  A,  Mamet  B  &  Preat   (2001) (Communication et abstract) Spherical tubercular and branched fossil  structures from Lower Carboniferous (Viséan) of Northern France. Séance spécialisée de la Soc. géologique d’Allemagne, Hanse Institute Oldenburg University, Germany, Oct. 2001.


·         Kolo K, Preat A, Mamet B, Devleeschouwer X & Gillan D (2001) (Communication) Fungal hyphae, spores and bacteria from the Lower Cretaceous of Central Italy and from the Upper  Devonian  of  the  Rocky  Mountains,  Canada:  how  old  are  they? Preliminary study. Session Sp. Geologica Belgica, Université Cath. de Louvain. (22 mars)

·         Odisho K.Y. (1992): The formation of high abnormal pressures in Tikrit Oil Field. In Proc. of 10th Iraqi Geological Congress, Union of Iraqi Geologist, Baghdad, 28-31 Feb. 1992.

·         Odisho K.Y (1992): Compaction, fluid migration and source rock evaluation in Tikrit Oil  Field.  (Abstract).  In Proc.  of  10th  Iraqi  Geological  Congress,  Union  of  Iraqi Geologist, Baghdad, 28-31 Feb. 1992.

·         Odisho K.Y (1994): A geochemical evaluation of bitumens in source and reservoir rocks in Northern Iraq. (Abstract). In Proc. of 11th Iraqi